1. Write The Topic Sentence
This should provide the main point of the paragraph that you wish to discuss further e.g.
University education provides a deeper knowledge of a subject area and can therefore be used later on in life.
Notice how the topic sentence is not overly long or too complicated. It does, however, clearly state the main point, but it is not too specific. Your paragraph should start quite general and then become more specific as you add sentences.
2. Provide A Supporting Sentence
Next we can add a supporting explanation sentence which starts to become more specific. For example:
Graduates may study theories that are relevant to only higher level managers which they may only become after a few years of employment in a company.
Here you can see that the explanation is starting to become more specific with words like graduates, theories and managers.
3. Add A Specific Example
After this explaining sentence, we can now add a specific example. It might look like this:
For instance, graduate engineers at Aker Solutions Ltd often start as mere labourers undertaking manual work, however, after completing 18 months of probation they can then become Technical Planners, and therefore utilise their knowledge more fully of 3D CAD design software.
Note that this sentence not only clearly demonstrates that main point of the topic sentence but is also very specific. The more specific you can be with your examples the better.
Many students worry that they do not know enough examples, don't worry! Simply make them up! Remember the examiners are only interested in your English ability and not your general knowledge, they will never check your examples.
4. A Second Topic Sentence (Supporting Idea)
Now we are three sentences in to the paragraph, we have two options. We can either continue to develop the same point with further examples, or explanations, or, we could make a new related point.
I am going to make a new related point as it improves the discussion. So my next related idea I am going to write in a second topic sentence, it reads:
Knowing the advanced theories related to a topic can improve an employees motivation.
Once again the topic sentence still directly relates to the question, and it is not too long and quite general.
5. A Further Explanation Or Example
This could be followed up with fifth and final explaining sentence of the paragraph:
In the long term a motivated employee is going to be promoted far more quickly through the company hierarchy and work much more efficiently for the company than someone lacking that knowledge.
So, overall the paragraph might look something like this: