Simple linking words also make it easier to listen to and follow a talk. Words such as next, then and after that do this job well too.
A Band 7 level candidate will be able to ‘speak at length without noticeable effort or loss of coherence’ and use a range of linking words.
Lower band levels students will probably start to repeat the same linking phrases and hesitate with their use occasionally.
Another useful skill relevant to this part of the test is that of paraphrasing. If you forget what a word you want to use is then this is what you need to do.
Here is an example of someone paraphrasing:
"I have had the picture for a long time already. It is an…. Well, It has been in the family for hundreds of years already through many generations."
Here the speaker cannot remember the word ‘ancient’ so rather than stopping to think and leave a silence they continue speaking by just describing the word they want to say instead.
For a Band 7 the candidate has to be able to paraphrase effectively. At Band 6 the candidate should usually be able to paraphrase successfully while at Band 5 when the speaker tries paraphrase they do so with mixed success.
Providing synonyms for a word or giving a definition are the two main ways in which you can paraphrase.
Learners hoping to score a band 6 or above will need to demonstrate a range of grammatical structures. An effective way to do this in Task 2 is to start your sentences in different ways. Do not just use ‘I’, ‘we’, ‘she’ etc…
Possible Sentence Starters:
♦ What makes me (angry/happy) is …
♦ The person I most (admire/respect) is …
♦ The thing (I like) is …
♦ One thing (I do) is …
♦ The reason why I (did this) was …
♦ One of the reasons (I’ve decided to talk about …) is …
♦ Having (finished that) I …
♦ After that,as soon as, while, or as a result
Candidates often get stressed about their grammar, but having a few different sentence starters like these ready to use is ideal.
Grammar is not all about knowing what verbs and adjectives are. Examiners want to see that you can use the language not just label it!
How To Get It Right First Time
Finally for this section, here are a few more guidelines to help:
♦ Do speak clearly.
♦ Do make some notes beforehand.
♦ Don't pause inappropriately.
♦ Don't keep referring to your notes.
♦ Do pause at the end of sentences.
♦ Don't speak quickly.
♦ Do stress the important words.
♦ Do look at the examiner you are speaking to.
Now you've read 'How To Do IELTS Speaking Part 2' you might want to try:
How To Do IELTS Speaking Test Part 1
IELTS Speaking Test Overview